Saturday, July 15, 2006

成人學琴 『烈火鍾愛』

『烈火鍾愛』


一群對於小提琴超級熱情的愛好者. 更特別的是, 他們大都是成人才開始學的. 網站上有他們很多的video. 不但如此, 看起來他們還不定期的開演奏會. (好羨慕歐~~~)

看過很多個video, 個人覺得 Lo (羅嘉瑜) 是初學者拉的最漂亮 (但不是技術最好), 中高是 Lee (李宗泰), 高級的是 Hui (黃旭暉) 拉的最贊.

話說回來, 成人學琴有很多人有著同樣的困擾. 有很多人問過"我已經**歲了, 可不可以學小提琴". 大部分的擔心的, 不外乎音感, 不懂樂理, 不會看譜, 手指/臂的柔軟度不足, 小提琴不好學等等.

小案例
肉丸子的同學18歲才從0學起, 兩年後開始拉 Lalo 西班牙交響曲.
我們幾個沒有人會期望說會像帕爾曼或是張莎拉那麼利害, 但就一般而言, 考個樂團應該是有機會的. (肉丸子以前有在職業樂團工作過, 其他同學大都是修音樂教育, 當老師去了)
肉丸子現在也有成人的學生, 他現在也拉的很高興, 跟了我一振子音感技術都有長足的進步.

小提琴很難學
帕 爾曼說過, 等到一個人把小提琴拉到完美的時候, 那個人已經8-90歲了(就是已經進了棺材). 他這麼說, 他也沒有因為這樣而不拉琴, 不是嗎? 只要有努力付出, 自己有收穫, 有成長, 也是一種成就. 或許一個人適不適合拉小提琴不是問題, 真的問題是, 有沒有熱愛小提琴?

看譜, 樂理
可以學的. 若只是拉琴夠用的話, 那真的不用學太多.

音感
這 是一個很不好解決的問題. 我不清楚有沒有完全沒救的音痴的存在. 不過教學經驗顯示, 音感是可以訓練的. 小提琴的音感很特別, 有耳朵, 眼睛, 記憶, 肌肉各個來組成的. 一般談的音感是指耳朵聽不聽的出來音準. 但左手的肌肉的記憶會影響音的準確度 (有人聽的不精細但是按弦音是準的), 眼睛看左手在琴上的位置 (大衛‧歐伊斯特拉赫一直到3.40歲還是看著左手拉琴), 記憶中的音會讓拉琴的人知道下來是應該怎樣的. 右手的弓也會影響. 這都有辦法訓練的.


手臂手指的柔軟度, 靈敏度, 延展性
這 是因人而異, 就算從小就開始學也不見的佔一定的優勢. 就算是小提琴家之間也有所不同. 像海飛茲的快速連續頓弓就不是每一個小提琴家都做得到的. 年紀大一點才學的弱點是, 反應不如小孩子快, 所以學起來可能要多花點功夫. 但是只要練對方法, 還是可以拉到一定的程度的. 但是, 年紀大一點才學有佔優勢, 那就是理解力比較強, 也比較有耐力, 可以多練習特殊的練習曲來補不足. 一般小孩子不太願意練練習曲的.

不 過, 小提琴幾乎所有的技巧都可以靠苦練跟正確的練習法而得到, 但是, 音樂是無止境的. 大師 Sir Menuhin 年紀大的錄音因為老化技術已經不紮實了, 但是可以聽的出來他對於音樂的理解又到了另外一個層次. Accardo 的相距20年兩次怕格尼尼的錄音也是不一樣的. (他第二次的錄音比較慢了一點點, 但是解釋已經不太一樣)

所以說, 事在人為, 那群成人小提琴學生看了讓人滿感動的. 大家一起加油吧!

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