Tuesday, January 23, 2007

練習曲


初級與中高級的練習曲是很不一樣的.

初級很多時後是在練習對於基礎手指與弓法的結合. 所以常常看到初學者一條一條的拉, 因為需要增強對於琴的熟悉度.

中級的狀況對於準確性與藝術性要求較高. 大部分的練習曲集都有一點重複性. 有可能拉大部分的, 跳掉一些已經熟悉的技術.

高級的話, 只能說, 需要什麼拉什麼. 準確性與藝術性是必備的了.

最大的重點是, 練習的時候需要知道到底每一首的重點在哪裡, 要求在哪裡, 需要練到什麼程度, 以及要如何練習. 不知道重點練了也是白練, 不要求那重點就會練的不夠好, 不知道如何練習可能會事倍功半.


小提琴教學/練習曲的歷史列表

1751

Geminiani. The Art of Playing on the Violin. London.

1756

Mozart, Leopold. A Treatise on the Fundamental Principles of Violin Playing. Ausburg.

1756

Tartini, L'arte del arco. Paris.

1761

L'abbe le fils. Principes du violon. Paris.

1771

Tartini, Traite des agremens. Paris.

1782

Corrette. L'Art de se perfectionner dans le violon. Paris.

1791

Galeazzi. Elementi teorico-pratici. Rome.

1798

Cartier. L'Art du violon. Paris.

1798

Woldemar, Michel. Methode pourl e violon. Paris.

c1800

Gavinies. Les vingt-quatre matinees. Paris.

1803

Baillot, Rode and Kreutzer. Methode de violon. Paris.

c1800s

Fiorillo. Etudes de violon formant 36 caprices. Vienna.

c1815

Rode. 24 caprices enforme d'etudes. Berlin.

1820

Paganini. 24 capricci. Milan.

1824

Campagnoli. Nouvelle methode de la mecanique progressive du jeu de violon, op. 21. Leipzig.

1832

Spohr. Violinschule. Vienna.

1834

Baillot. L'Art du violon. Paris.

1844

Alard. Ecole du violon. Paris.

1850

Dont. Etudes for the violin.

1854

Wieniawski. L'ecole moderne, op. 10. Lepizig.

1855

Dancla. Methode elementaire.

1858

de Beriot. Methode de violon, op. 102. Paris.

1864

David. Violinschule. Leipzig.

1867

Kayser. 36 Studies for violin, op. 20.

1873

Courvoisier. The technics of violin playing.

1875

Schradieck. School of violin-technics.

1880

Mazas. 75 Etudes melodiques et progressives pour violon, op. 36. Brunswick.

1881

Sevcik. Schule der Violintechnik, op. 1. Prague.

1895

Sevcik. Schule der Bogentechnik, op. 2. Leipzig.

1902-5

Joachim and Moser. Violinschule. 3 vols. Berlin.

1916

Capet. La Technique superieure de l'archet. Paris .

1921

Auer. Violin Playing as I Teach It. New York.

1923-8

Flesch. Die Kunst des Violin-Spiels. Berlin.

1941

Dounis. New aids to Technical Development, op. 27. London.

1962

Galamian. Principles of Violin Playing and Teaching. Englewood Cliffs, NJ.

1963

Galamian and Neumann. Contemporary Violin Technique. New York.

1961

Havas, Kato. A New Approach to Violin Playing. London.

1964

Havas, Kato. The Twelve Lesson Course in a New approach to Violin Playing. London.

1969

Suzuki, Shinichi. Nurtured by Love. New York.

1970

Suzuki violin school. Princeton, New Jersey.

1971

Menuhin. Six Lessons with Yehudi Menuhin. London.

1971

Rolland, Paul. Prelude to String Playing. New York.

1974

Rolland, Paul. The Teaching of Action in String Playing. New York.

1981

Havas, Kato and Jerome Landsman. Freedom to play: A string class teaching method. New York.

1986

Menuhin. The Compleat Violinist: Thoughts, Exercises, Reflections of an Itinerant Violinist. New York.



小提琴常見練習曲:由簡到難

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Wohlfahrt : Op 38 - Easiest Elementary Studies

Dancla : Op 84 - 36 Easiest Melodic Studies
Wohlfahrt : Op 45 - 60 Studies
Wohlfahrt : Op 54 - 40 Elementary Studies
Sitt : 50 Daily Exercises
Kayser : Op 20 - 36 Elementary and Progressive Studies
Mazas : Op 36 1/2/3 - Special / Brilliant / Artists Studies
Fiorillo : 36 Caprices
Kreutzer : 19 Caprices
Campagnoli : 7 Divertimenti
Dont : Op 37 - Preparatory Studies
Kreutzer : 42 Studies
Rode : 24 Caprices
Dancla : Op 73 Studies
Gavinees : 24 Matinees
DeBeriot : First 30 Concert Studies
Dont : Op 35 Studies
Wieniawski : Op 10 Ecole Moderne
Paganini : 24 Caprices
Ernst : 6 Polyphonic Studies
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------




p.s. violinmasterclass.com 也有一個列表, 非常好.

5 comments:

Mike said...

肉丸子貼出這個 list 超清楚的,
可以給我自己一個目標向前邁進
感謝感謝 :)

Meatball said...

Hi Mike,

沒有啦, 都是東抄西抄來的.
我推薦美國的 American String Teachers Association 的 STRING SYLLABUS VOLUME ONE, 2003 EDITION, http://www.astaweb.com/resources/PublicationsBrochure.pdf

這本把各個曲目分級數, 是公認的好.

澳洲的 AMEB Syllabus 也不錯. 需要的話我再掃描好了. 不過你不是自學, 可以問老師.

星塵 said...

找羅德練習曲時無意中找到,再找到一個同好網習真的很開心,謝謝您的文章。

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